Our TTLP group on “Improving Reading Skills in a Play Based Classroom” met in December and it was a great day of sharing. We discussed the importance of using assessment to guide us in chunking students into groups and developing lessons, provocations and activities. The PASS assessment was useful because each section (rhyming, blending, segmenting, isolating, deleting), is divided so that the skills become gradually more difficult. This is important because it allows us to move between or “spiral” through sections of phonological awareness, rather than spending all our time on one skill. Through our research we have learned that phonics must be taught to children and for reading success they must be fluent in letter sound relationships.
Here are some definitions that you may find helpful,
phoneme, is the smallest unit of sound
phonological awareness is the umbrella term used that includes units of sound larger than a phoneme, (rhyming, syllables), is auditory, and based on speech
phonemic awareness is the ability to hear and manipulate the smallest units of sound, for example “cat” has three phonemes c/ a/ t these phonemes can be changed to make a new word, bat
phonics is the addition of print, relationship between the letter (symbol), and sound it makes
We are delving into David Kilpatrick’s book “Equipped for Reading Success” to deepen our knowledge and understanding of how children learn to read and in turn what we can do as educators to best teach children how to read. Although phonological awareness, and phonics is not new, what is new is the research that shows why systematically teaching it is imperative to children learning to read. So, we feel we are on the right track, with lots more to learn and share.
Here is a great website to check out…