Adapted from "Spelling: Connecting the Pieces" by Ruth McQuirter Scott and Sharon Siamon.
- Sound things out. Some kids may have difficulty telling the difference between sounds such as b and p, d and t. Exaggerate these sounds and enunciate them clearly.
- Use picture cards so they can attach an object to the word and have them say the word carefully.
- Using short words like dog, ask your child what sound they hear at the beginning and what sound they hear at the end.
- Write down words that have hard-to-hear sounds, like the first r in library. Practise enunciating those sounds. Here are some examples: library, surprise, February, probably, environment.
- To learn silent letters, have your child pronounce the silent letters as they write the words. For example, pronounce the underlined letters in these words: parliament, scissors, judge, and combed.
- Clap out or tap out syllables in a word.
- Have them listen for rhyming patterns, like: battle, cattle, rattle.
- Spell words out loud. Like: M-i-s-s-i-s-s-i-p-p-i.
- Sing songs with rhymes and have your child fill in the missing rhyming word. For example, try "Alligator Pie" by Dennis Lee. "Alligator pie, alligator pie. If I don't get some I think I'm going to ."
Remember to talk to your child's teacher about which words your child is learning and use words that are age-appropriate and familiar for your child.